ADLER, JULIUS OCHS


ADLER, JULIUS OCHS
ADLER, JULIUS OCHS (1892–1955), U.S. newspaperman and soldier. Adler was born in Chattanooga, Tenn. He graduated from Princeton University and then joined the staff of the New York Times, published by his uncle, Adolph ochs . At the same time he enrolled as a citizen-soldier. Before World War I he was in the cavalry, but he transferred to the infantry on the outbreak of war. Adler was gassed while commanding a battalion on the Western Front. During World War II he commanded the 77th Infantry Division which was responsible for the defense of the Hawaiian Islands from 1941 to 1944. In 1948 he was promoted to major-general in the reserve. Meanwhile, Adler became vice president of the New York Times, and after a number of years he became the paper's general manager (1935). He was also publisher of the Chattanooga Times. In 1945 Adler was one of 17 newspaper executives invited by General Eisenhower to visit the liberated concentration camps and he wrote a series of moving and dramatic articles on them for the New York Times. In 1954 he was appointed chairman of the National Security Training Commission, and later headed a commission supervising the building of a combat-ready reserve through a modified form of universal military training. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Rubin, 140 Jewish Marshals, Generals and Admirals (1952), 287; J. Ben Hirsch, Jewish General Officers, 1 (1967), 91; New York Times (Oct. 4–7, 1955). (Irving Rosenthal)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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